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7th Grade ELA  

Last Updated: Apr 5, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates
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Food Preparation and Hunting

Neanderthals Hunting a Wooly Rhino


Self Adornment

This decorative shell ornament, attributed to Neanderthals, shows signs of being painted with orange pigment. It's one of several examples of ornamentation that researchers have found in Spain, at sites that were used by Neanderthals as far back as 50,000 years ago.
Photo by Joao Zilhao (


Social Interaction

Neanderthal Family Sitting around a Hearth Fire:

Exhibit at the Neanderthal Museum in Krapina, Croatia

Photo credit: Nikola Solic for Reuters/Corbis



Symbolic Thought (Funeral Practices and Art)

Sketch of Shanidar IV's burial by Ralph Solecki

(Image Source:


Withered Right Humerus Bone of Shanidar 1 Compared to Normal Left One

(Bone Image Credits: Chip Clark, Smithsonian Institution, Smithsonian Institution: Shanidar 1)


Tool Refinement

Figure 1: Levallois technology scheme.

Levallois technology scheme (From Bordes 1961b). The stages of manufacture of a Levallois core: 1, selection of an unretouched cobble; 2, removal of flakes around the periphery of the core; 3, removal of flakes from the main surface of the core, using the previous removals as platforms; 4, continuation of flaking in order to create a convex surface; 5, removal of the central flake; 6, the Levallois core and flake.

Source © 2012 Nature Education (

How to Cite Sources

Structure of a website citation in MLA 8:

1. Place the author’s name in reverse order, last name first, add a comma, and then the first name followed by a period.

2. The title of the article is placed in quotation marks, with a period before the end quotation.

3. The title of the website is written in italics followed by a comma.

4. If the name of the publisher differs from the name of the website, include it after the title. 

5. Immediately following the publisher is the date that the page or article was published, or posted.

6. Finally, end with the URL. The URL is the website’s address. DO NOT USE THE URL OF THE GOOGLE DOC if the article is copied. The original URL is on the GoogleDoc, so please use that.


Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the Article or Individual Page.” Title of the website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL.

Examples of website citations in MLA 8:

White, Lori. “The Newest Fad in People Helping People: Little Free Pantries.” Upworthy, Cloud Tiger Media, 3 Aug. 2016,


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